Amino Acids are the organic structural units (monomers) that combine to form proteins. Amino acids are often called the building blocks of life. They join together to form short polymer chains called peptides or longer chains called either polypeptides or proteins. Each amino acid within the chain is attached to two neighboring amino acids.
The process of making proteins within an organism is called translation and involves the addition of amino acids to a growing protein chain facilitated by an enzyme, (ribozyme). The growing protein chain is directed by the ribosome, a cell organelle along with messenger RNA to build the protein.
Amino acids can be classified in different ways. Essential amino acids are those which cannot be made by the body and so must be supplied from food. The nine essential amino acids are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine.
Non essential amino acids are produced by our bodies even if we don't get them from food. They include: alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid.
Conditional amino acids are ususally not essential, except in times of illness and stress. They include: arginine, cysteine, glutamine, tyrosine, glycine, ornithine, proline and serine.
You do not need to eat amino acids at every meal, but getting a balance of them over the day is important.
EPL BAS has validated analytical methodology and experience to quantify the following amino acids:
- Aspartic Acid
- Glutamic Acid